正确答案:wealth should be redistributed in a way that benefits the majority of society.
Questions 1-11 are based on the following passage.
This passage is adapted from a letter written by Thomas Jefferson to James Madison. It was originally written in 1785, when Jefferson was residing in France.

    Seven o'clock, and retired to my fireside, I have
determined to enter into conversation with you; this
[Fontainebleau] is a village of about 5,000 inhabitants when
the court is not here and 20,000 when they are, occupying a
*5*valley thro' which runs a brook, and on each side of it a ridge
of small mountains most of which are naked rock. The king
comes here in the fall always, to hunt. His court attend him,
as do also the foreign diplomatic corps. But as this is not
indispensably required, and my finances do not admit the
*10*expence of a continued residence here, I propose to come
occasionally to attend the king's levees, returning again to
Paris, distant 40 miles.
    This being the first trip, I set out yesterday morning to
take a view of the place. For this purpose I shaped my course
*15*towards the highest of the mountains in sight, to the top of
which was about a league. As soon as I had got clear of the
town I fell in with a poor woman walking at the same rate
with myself and going the same course. Wishing to know the
condition of the labouring poor I entered into conversation
*20*with her, which I began by enquiries for the path which
would lead me into the mountain: and thence proceeded to
enquiries into her vocation, condition and circumstance. She
told me she was a day labourer, at 8. sous or 4 d. sterling the
day; that she had two children to maintain, and to pay a rent
*35*of 30 livres for her house (which would consume the hire of
75 days), that often she could get no emploiment, and of
course was without bread. As we had walked together near a
mile and she had so far served me as a guide, I gave her, on
parting 24 sous. She burst into tears of a gratitude which I
*40*could perceive was unfeigned, because she was unable to
utter a word. She had probably never before received so great
an aid.
    This little attendrissement1, with the solitude of my walk
led me into a train of reflections on that unequal division of
*35*property which occasions the numberless instances of
wretchedness which I had observed in this country and is to
be observed all over Europe. The property of this country is
absolutely concentered in a very few hands, having revenues
of from half a million of guineas a year downwards. These
*40*employ the flower of the country as servants, some of them
having as many as 200 domestics, not labouring. They
employ also a great number of manufacturers, and
tradesmen, and lastly the class of labouring husbandmen2.
But after all these comes the most numerous of all the
*45*classes, that is, the poor who cannot find work. I asked
myself what could be the reason that so many should be
permitted to beg who are willing to work, in a country where
there is a very considerable proportion of uncultivated lands?
These lands are kept idle mostly for the aske of game. It
*50*should seem then that it must be because of the enormous
wealth of the proprietors which places them above attention
to the increase of their revenues by permitting these lands to
be laboured.
    I am conscious that an equal division of property is
*55*impracticable. But the consequences of this enormous
inequality producing so much misery to the bulk of mankind,
legislators cannot invent too many devices for subdividing
property, only taking care to let their subdivisions go hand in
hand with the natural affections of the human mind. The
*60*descent of property of every kind therefore to all the
children,or to all the brothers and sisters, or other relations in
equal degree is a politic measure, and a practicable
one. Another means of silently lessening the inequality of
property is to exempt all from taxation below a certain point,
*65*and to tax the higher portions of property in geometrical
progression as they rise. Whenever there is in any country,
uncultivated lands and unemployed poor, it is clear that the
laws of property have been so far extended as to violate
natural right. The earth is given as a common stock for man
*70*to labour and live on. If, for the encouragement of industry
we allow it to be appropriated, we must take care that other
employment be furnished to those excluded from the
appropriation . . .

1 emotion
2 farmers

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